Xanthophylls are the pigment compounds that are responsible for giving plants their color, and are crucial in converting sunlight into energy. The xanthophylls include: lutein, zeaxanthin, astaxanthin.
What foods are high in xanthophylls?
- green leafy vegetables (spinach, cabbage, broccoli, kale)
- green beans
- sweet potato
- peppers (red, orange, green)
- yellow squash
People who consume higher amounts of plants containing these phytonutrients have a lower risk of developing various cancers:
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
- Breast cancer
- Lung cancer
- Skin cancer
How do xanthophylls prevent and fight cancer?
- reduce DNA damage
- increase DNA repair
- increase cancer cell death (apoptosis)
- reduce tumor growth
- reduce tumor blood vessel growth
- boosts immune system
- reduce inflammation
Eat more yellow, orange, and green leafy vegetables and fruits.